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1890 Institutions

African American 4-H in Black History Month

The story of Black History Month began in 1915, 50 years after slavery was abolished in the United States (and one year after the passage of the Smith-Lever Act). In 1926 the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH) sponsored a "National Negro History Week." The second week of February was selected to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. President Gerald R. Ford officially recognized Black History Month in 1976. (Excerpted from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/black-history-month )

The National 4-H History team continues to build the repository of historically significant resources that document the history of African American 4-H programs.

Did you know?

In North Carolina club work for African American youth began in 1914 with the organization of a group in Sampson County under the leadership of G. W. Herring. Participation grew steadily and by 1945 African American youth participation in North Carolina 4-H exceeded 29,000. "...the 4-H Club Foundation of North Carolina was founded in 1950 in order to raise money for the establishment of a camp for African American boys and girls." (History of 4-H in North Carolina, NCSU Libraries, NC State University
   https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/specialcollections/greenngrowing/4H_history.html)

West Virginia initiated "camp-outs" in the 1920s for African American youth and had the first African American State 4-H Camp (Camp Washington-Carver), as well as many segregated county camps. Learn about the beginnings of this camp at:
    http://www.marshall.edu/special-collections/cwc/PDF/Jordan-CWC2.pd

4-H'ers from 11 Southern States participated in the American Negro Exposition (ANE) held in Chicago in the summer of 1940 to celebrate "the 75th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation and the achievements of African Americans." Extension had a prominent spot for the duration of the exposition with 4-H members giving demonstrations on projects and skills they were learning including sewing, canning, raising chickens and hogs, and peanut farming.

More information is available on the ANE here on the 4-H History Preservation website at
    http://4-hhistorypreservation.com/History/4-H_Promotion/Single_Story.asp?ps=161

In 1965 black 4-H'ers in South Carolina "attended the State 4-H Club Week at Clemson University, the National 4-H Conference in Washington, DC, and the National 4-H Congress in Chicago with white 4-H'ers from South Carolina for the first time." Passage of the Civil Rights Act brought changes to 4-H but not without challenges. When separate programs were eliminated, some programs were discontinued until adjustments could be made. (From The History of South Carolina Cooperative Extension Service by Clyde E. Woodall,
http://www.clemson.edu/extension/100/background/145.html )

The Association for the Study of African American Life and History (founders of Black History Month) has selected Hallowed Grounds: Sites of African American Memories as the theme for this year's celebration of Black History Month. It is to bring attention to the centennial celebration of the National Park Service and the more than twenty-five historical sites and the Underground Railroad Network to Freedom that are part of America's hallowed grounds, including the home of the father of black history, Dr. Carter G. Woodson.

You can map significant people, places, and events that help to tell the story of African American 4-H programs in your state by participating in the 4-H History Map Project at http://4hhistorypreservation.com/History_Map/ and by getting involved in "Voices of 4-H History" at http://4-HHistoryPreservation.com/1890/.

ANE_Finishing Camp_Washington_Carver



1890 Land-Grant Institutions to Document 4-H Youth Development History

2015 marked the 125th year of the passage of the Morrill Act of 1890, which established U.S. Congressional authority for the 1890 Land Grant Institutions of Higher Education. Youth development has been an important part of the 1890 mission since the very beginning. 1890 leaders have called for a special effort to document the rich history of the youth development programs and accomplishments based at the 1890 institutions.

On April 29, 2015, L. Washington Lyons, Executive Administrator of the 1890 Extension Administrators, convened the first conference call of staff from 1890 4-H institutions in Virginia, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. This initial call began the multi-month effort to design, develop and implement a multi-media collection of 1890 institution-based educational resources and activities to be incorporated into the National 4-H History Preservation program, to serve as the foundation for future youth development programs in all land-grant schools.


 

Initially, the 1890 Youth Development History Team will explore a wide variety of information sources to tell the 1890 youth development history. They have identified potential sources of files and records from:

  • Out-reach offices at the 1890 campuses and field offices where it is systematically organized by the library system
  • on each campus;
  • Private collections of former 1890 staff, volunteers and supporters; and
  • In the memories of the former 1890 staff and clientele.

 

The vision for the next year is to design several approaches that capture the significant history of the 1890 youth development story, and organize it for sharing in a variety of ways, including publications, online archives and multi-media presentations. Initial ideas call for the story to identify important milestones and pioneers highlighting the needs, efforts and progress, across the past, present and future of 1890 youth development.

Dr. L. Washington Lyons encourages this effort to reach out to all who can help contribute information and assistance to the celebration of 125 years of Progress of 1890 youth development.

The 1890 Youth Development History Team meets about once a month. Present members of the Team are searching for information in their own states. Those signed up for this project so far are listed below. If you have information to share or would be interested in helping with this important work; please contact the representative for your state or the leader of this project, L. Washington Lyons, at Lwlyons@ncat.edu

DelawareHarry Thayer HThayer@desu.edu

GeorgiaLeslie Weaver WeaverL@fvsu.edu

KentuckyShawn Moore Shawn.Moore@kysu.edu

MarylandHenry Brooks HMBrooks@umes.edu

North CarolinaL. Washington Lyons LWLyons@ncat.edu

LouisianaKasundra Cyrus Kasundra_Cyrus@suagcenter.com

OklahomaSheila Stevens SStevens@langston.edu
Yonathan Tilahun YTilahun@langston.edu

South CarolinaSharolyn Simmons SShaw13@scsu.edu

VirginiaAlbert Reid AReid@vsu.edu
 

You are encouraged to share your 4-H History with the team!






Principal author: Sue Benedetti








Compiled by National 4-H History Preservation Team.


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